Savannah water pythons are small snakes. Their homeland is the island of Savu, which is part of the Indonesian archipelago. Keeping these pythons is easy, but breeding is difficult.
Appearance of water savannah pythons
Water Savannah python is in 4th place among the smallest pythons.
The characteristic sizes for adult females of the water Savannah python are 1.45 meters, and males are 1.15 meters, but sometimes they can grow larger.
An interesting feature of these snakes are large eyes of white color, thanks to such a line of pythons they are called white-eyes.
The color of adults is most often brown-black; light, small brown-red spots pass through the body. The belly is mostly white, but it may have orange blotches on it. On the sides, the color from white smoothly turns yellow-orange, and then turns into dark brown. Scales have a rainbow tint, so pythons look very beautiful.Savannah water python (Liasis mackloti savuensis).
With age, their color changes significantly. Young individuals in the colors of many terracotta and orange-brown shades, the eyes are also the same color. After a year of life, the color begins to change; in some individuals, the color remains more orange.
White-eyed python habitat
Saw is a small island located in the Savannah Sea in northeast Australia. It is located in the tropical zone, but in comparison with the rest of the islands of Indonesia, the climate there is quite dry. The terrain is uneven, the height of the highest hills reaches 290 meters, they are covered with shrubs, fields and small areas of forest. That is, the natural habitat of the Savannah water pythons is very small.
There is not much information about the life of these pythons in nature. The number of Savannah pythons is not known, but today more and more individuals are caught for sale.Savannah water python is a non-poisonous snake.
Content of Savannah water pythons in a terrarium
Keeping these snakes difficult, but due to their relatively small size, they are in demand. Individuals can be planted separately from each other in cages or terrariums.
The air temperature, which contain white-eyed pythons, should be stable throughout the year - about 26-28 degrees. At the heating point in the terrarium, heating is maintained in the range of 30-32 degrees. Pregnant females often need additional heating. If there is no terrarium room with a stable temperature, then it is necessary to increase the temperature in the cage.
The bottom of the terrarium is covered with an aspen substrate, or you can use cypress mulch or a newspaper.
Gardens should be cleaned daily, and the substrate completely changed once every few weeks.Keeping a water python at home requires very little care and attention.
During molting, pythons must be abundantly sprayed, since they are kept in a dry climate. In a transparent terrarium, there should be shelters suitable for pythons in size so that they feel safe.
Feeding savannah pythons
White-eyed pythons are happy to eat rats and mice. Adults are given 1 time in 2 weeks, one large mouse. Young pythons are fed once a week. Rodents should not exceed the size of the thickest part of the python. There should be a drinker in the terrarium, in which the water is changed daily.Water pythons feed mainly on mice.
Breeding white-eyed pythons
Savannah pythons are capable of reaching the size of an adult in 2 years, but they do not show interest in mating until the age of 3-5 years. For breeding to succeed, it is necessary to organize a Savannah water python wintering.
During wintering, the female and male are kept separately. From October, they begin to gradually lower the temperature by 2 degrees every night, this is done until the temperature regime reaches 22-23 degrees. Daytime temperature is maintained in the region of 26-28 degrees.
With the content of pythons, the light regime is maintained for 12 hours until mid-December. At this time, the night temperature is gradually increased to the usual level. In late December, wintering ceases, and at this time maintain a constant temperature of 26-28 degrees throughout the day. Many pythons mate immediately after wintering, and some time should pass in Savannah pythons.During pregnancy, females of the Savannah python are closely monitored to ensure comfortable conditions.
After wintering, the first weeks of snakes are fed less than always: one individual is given a large mouse about once a month. After about 3 weeks, while maintaining a normal temperature, males and females begin to plant together. From mid-February, females are fed every week - this helps to stimulate the reproduction process.
Pythons should not be allowed to gain weight at this time, as obese snakes do not have good offspring. Healthy Savannah pythons have long and slender bodies.
The period of sexual activity in Savannah pythons begins in May-June. Females ovulate in early July. As soon as the follicles begin to grow, the python refuses food. During ovulation, they have a large bulge in the middle part of the body, as if a female swallowed volumetric prey. Such bloating lasts several days, after which the "bump" on the body reaches a huge size.
Incubation of python eggs
The egg incubator is placed in a cool corner of the terrarium and a little wet sphagnum is placed in it.In the wild, the Savannah python preys on small mammals and birds. Can eat reptiles, including other pythons and young crocodiles.
The female spends the next 30 days in it. She leaves eggs only when she wants to warm herself and drink. If the female does not heat up at all, it means that the background temperature in the terrarium is very high, and if she warms up constantly, then the snake freezes.
In the clutch of the Savannah water python, on average, there are 5-10 eggs that can be artificially incubated. The container is filled with moist vermiculite and the eggs are dipped in about half.
Vermiculite is added to water until the substrate begins to stick together. Egg incubation occurs at a temperature of 32-33 degrees. About 2 weeks before hatching, a small ripple appears on the eggs. In the next couple of days, the eggs break, and young reddish-orange color, no more than 35 centimeters long, is selected from them.The first molt in Savannah pythons occurs approximately 8 days after birth.
The content of newborn Savannah pythons
When the cubs get out of the eggs, they are washed in warm water, removing pieces of adhered vermiculite from the bodies. The kites are settled separately, in small containers measuring 30 by 15, by 10 centimeters.
Clean water should always be present in the drinker. Litter for babies are paper towels. Towels should be slightly damp until the first molt of pythons.
After that, paper towels can be replaced with aspen filings. In order for the cubs to begin to eat, it is necessary to wait a few weeks. Young Savannah pythons quickly cope with newborn mice.
Immediately after birth, water savannah pythons may show increased aggressiveness, but over time they get used to contact with human hands and calm down.The Savannah water python very quickly gets used to the owner, and is not dangerous if it is often contacted with the animal.
Grown in captivity, adult Savannah pythons have a fairly calm disposition, due to this this species is the most attractive among the terrariums.
The small size of the Savannah water pythons, calm nature and adaptability to a wide range of temperatures make these snakes excellent pets. They can be kept by beginners and experienced snake lovers.