About 150 years ago, in the forest-steppe and steppe zones of the southern part of our country, tarps lived - stunted wild horses.
Today, the remains of these animals are found in a large territory - from the shores of the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic.
Tarpanes were relatively small. The body was covered with thick and short hair.Tarpan (Equus ferus ferus).
The color was saturated gray. A dark strip passed along the back. The mane, legs and tail were also dark. The legs often had dark stripes, like a zebra.Tarpan remains are still found in their former habitats.
The reason for the disappearance of the tarps, as always, was a person with an irresistible desire for destruction. The view was wiped off the face of the earth only because the herds of these wild horses caused great damage to agriculture. Tarpanes trampled crops, did not allow livestock to graze, moreover, domestic horses often left herds for their herds.
People and animals hunted tarps because of the delicious meat of these horses.
But people exterminated wild horses not only to take revenge, but also because of their tasty meat. The hunters massively shot them and used them for food. Such actions led to a sharp decline in numbers by the middle of the XIX century. And already at the beginning of the XX century, these wild horses were officially recognized as a destroyed species.
The last tarpan, which was kept in captivity, died in 1918. Today in nature there is only one species related to these stunted horses - Przewalski's horse. But this species, as scientists say, is threatened with extinction. Domestic horses descended from tarpan and are their descendants.