American bobtail (English American bobtail cat) is an unusual breed of cats that was bred relatively recently, in the late 1960s. A very healthy breed, both short-haired and long-haired cats, due to good genetics, diverse in color, they are mostly similar to wild cats.
The most prominent part of the American bobtail is the short “chopped off” tail, which is only half the normal length of the tail.
This is not a defect or artificial circumcision, but the result of a genetic mutation affecting the development of the breed.
American bobtails are not related to Japanese bobtails, despite the similar appearance and name, even a short tail is a dominant mutation in Americans, and recessive in Japanese.
Advantages of the breed:
- strong genetics and health
- getting along with other animals
- love all family members
- feel the mood of the owner
The disadvantages of the breed:
- large enough
- peculiar tail
- poorly tolerate the loneliness and carelessness of the owner
The appearance of American bobtail as a certain breed of cats is foggy, despite this is a very recent story. According to one legend, they appeared from the cross of a domestic cat and a lynx (which has a short tail from nature), but in fact it is the result of the work of nature.
Every breeder in the USA knows the story of Yodi, the patriarch of the breed. John and Brenda Sanders, a young couple, were relaxing in the south of the country.
When they drove through an Indian reservation in Arizona, they met a brown kitten with a short tail, as if chopped off, and decided to take it with them.
When Yodi grew up, kittens were born from him, in the usual domestic cat Misha (Mishi). Interestingly, they inherited dad's short tail.
Soon, family friends, Mindy Schulz and Charlotte Bentley, who saw a chance to get a new breed, noticed the kittens.
Experienced breeders collected short-tailed cats throughout the United States and worked together to obtain this breed.
Crossbreeding selectively, they eventually bred a large, dense, wild-cat-like cat, distinguished by excellent health and the absence of genetic diseases.
And this is due to the fact that not one of the hybrid cat breeds was used in breeding, only ordinary domestic and wild cats. Thus, they have strong genetics, not distorted by previous mutations.
Initially, cats were long-haired, short-haired bobtails appeared by chance, but the standard was rewritten for them.
The new breed, with its wild appearance and excellent health, quickly gained popularity among amateurs.
The breed was first officially recognized in 1989 by the TICA (The International Cat Association), then the CFA (Cat Fanciers Association) and ACFA (American Cat Fanciers Association).
American bobtail grows slowly, and it will take two or three years to reach adult sizes. Usually cats are smaller than cats in size.
Cats weigh 5.5-7.5 kg and cats 3-5 kg. They live about 11-15 years.
These are large enough cats with a muscular body.
The tail is short, flexible, broad at the base, and expressive. It can be either straight or slightly curved, have creases or knots along the entire length, there are no two similar tails. To the touch it is hard and strong, never fragile.
The tail should not be longer than the hind paw joint, and should be clearly visible from the front when it is raised. There is no preferred tail length, but its complete absence or a long tail is a reason for disqualification.
The combination of a short tail with large sizes and striped colors gives us a cat that strongly resembles a wild animal.
The head is wide, almost square, with eyes wide apart, almond-shaped.
The section of the eyes, coupled with a wide muzzle, gives the cat's look a hunting expression, while reflecting the mind. Eye color can be any, there is no correlation between eye color and coat color.
Paws are short and powerful, muscular, with rounded cushions, as befits a heavy cat.
American bobtails are long-haired and short-haired, and both types are recognized in all associations.
Shorthair has medium-long hair, elastic with a dense undercoat.
Longhair is characterized by slightly shaggy hair, dense, slightly longer on the collar zone, panties, abdomen and tail. Any colors and colors are allowed, although preference is given to those that resemble a wild cat.
American bobtail is well suited for large families, as they are attached to all family members, and not to one of them.
They get along with other pets, including dogs, and get along well with children. When meeting strangers, they do not hide under the sofa, but go out to meet and get acquainted.
They prefer to spend time in the home circle rather than walking on their own. The main thing to remember is that they perfectly feel the mood of the owner; they are even used in the treatment of depression.
A large, warm, rumbling cat will help disperse any blues and bad thoughts.
But, they themselves need no less warmth and communication, and poorly tolerate loneliness and inattention.
Playful, often they ask the owners to play with them, even to the point that they bring their favorite toy in their teeth. By the way, this speaks of a powerful hunting instinct, so wild cats carry prey.
The same instinct wakes up if a fly or other insect flies into the house in trouble. American bobtails catch them perfectly on the fly.
They are average in activity; they do not turn into either lazy sofa cats or a perpetual motion machine that carries the whole house.
In addition, they can be taught to walk on a leash if you live in an urban environment.
Maintenance and care
Care does not seem extremely difficult, but since it is a breed with long hair, you need to comb it twice a week. Especially in spring and autumn when the cat molts.
It is rarely necessary to bathe her, although they tolerate water, but it is better to wipe her eyes once a week, using cotton buds for this.
Moreover, for each eye is separate, so as not to spread a potential infection. The same procedure must be performed for the ears.
Choosing a kitten
Since cats of this breed are not common outside the United States, buying an American Bobtail may not be so simple. In any case, you better go to a nursery, to a good breeder, than just search the Internet.
This will save you from many problems: buy a healthy kitten, with a good pedigree, who has passed the necessary vaccinations and adapted to independent life. And also additional consultations if you have any questions.
These are strong, healthy cats. True, sometimes Bobtail without a tail is born, and only a small hole in the place where it should be, reminds about the tail.
In English, such cats are called “rumpie”. These kittens should be avoided, as they may develop back problems.
Some bobtail suffer from hip dysplasia, or congenital dislocation.
This is a hereditary disease that, although it does not lead to death, but can be very painful, especially when the cat gets older. It leads to lameness, arthrosis and robs the joint of mobility.