Bull terrier refers to fighting dogs, however, aggressiveness and increased suspicion are qualities that are attributed to him in vain. Some dog handlers claim that there is no affectionate dog. In any case, this is an unusual breed whose history is very interesting.
ABOUT bull terriersay how about the dog with a rat face. This part of the body is slightly extended forward, small narrow eyes are symmetrically located on it - hence the myth that the breed was bred in Asia. In fact, to thank for the birth of this dog you need an Englishman, James Hinx.
He conducted experiments on the crossing of some fighting breeds, including the Staffordshire Terrier. When a strong dog with a strong skeleton and balanced character was born, he completed them.
The opinion that the bull terrier breed is dangerous to humans is a mistake. It should not be aggressive towards people, however, it is intolerant of other animals, especially to dogs from its segment. A puppy of this breed who barks and tries to attack a person is considered a marriage.
Description and Features
Initially, James Hinks planned to breed a war breed with well-developed hunter instincts. She had to have a strong jaw, powerful muscles and a strong skeleton. He also wanted to endow breed bull terrier low pain sensitivity. The desired attitude to people is good nature, and to animals - rage.
In the 19th century, the animal began to be actively exploited in dog fights. Few could compare with him in this matter in terms of strength and endurance. Spectators willingly put money on the bull terrier, as they knew that he was a fearless fighter who would surely win.
In order to take part in a dog fight, he did not have to have high pain sensitivity. Other qualities that were appreciated in the bull terrier: courage, intolerance towards dogs, a strong desire to win the fight.
Activity and dexterity are the main characteristics of modern representatives of this breed. They are very curious, agile and quick. Bull Terrier is an excellent watchman, hunter and companion. He is strongly attached to people, especially to those who raised him. Among them, he chooses one, his master. It is this person who becomes the main one for the dog. Obedience to him is the meaning of the life of a bull terrier.
In some countries they are equated with knives. The fact is that bull terriers have genes for the Staffordshire Terrier, aggressive in nature. With the wrong education, they can get the upper hand. Then the character of the dog will change significantly. She will become more suspicious, distrustful and, most importantly, furious, and not only in relation to animals, but also to people.
With the right approach to training the bull terrier, he will grow up a good and very funny dog. This does not mean that it will have to be kept in the "gauntlet". The animal always adapts to the emotions of the owner.
His socialization directly depends on them. That is, if you treat a four-legged friend rudely, offend him and even beat him, he will become angry and incredulous. But it is worth showing love for him, and he will certainly answer you in return.
Bull Terrier is a small dog whose weight does not exceed 25-30 kg. The height at the withers is up to 40 cm. It has strong muscles. The head of the dog is oval, oblong. His "calling card" is a powerful jaw.
Bull Terrier in the photo with an open mouth looks awesome. He has a wide chest and a powerful straight back. The tail of the dog is long, it holds it horizontally. The animal has wide auricles. When alert, his ears straighten.
The hair of the bull terrier is very short, it is rather rough to the touch. Possible colors: red, sand, white, brown, brown, black. Sometimes dogs of this breed are born spotted.
In the litter periodically come across puppies, which breeders call "genetic marriage". They are overly aggressive, so they attack people. A traditional healthy bull terrier is gentle. He is calm, always balanced and not inclined to causeless aggression.
Immediately, we note that if you bring the bull terrier to the house in which the dogs already live, they definitely will not get along. In the blood of this breed - intolerance towards other tetrapods. She was taken out as a fighter.
But, if you introduce a bull terrier puppy to an adult dog, then it is likely that he recognizes her authority and will not compete for territory. But to purchase two male bull terriers is strongly not recommended. In this case, they will fight, causing each other huge physical damage.
The dog perceives all members of the family (people and animals) as a pack. In fighting breeds, the level of social need is much higher. You will not force two dogs of this breed to be friends, as, for each other, they will be competitors.
But the bull terriers adore children. Do not be afraid to leave your child alone with this dog. Surely, he will begin to lick the baby, perhaps settle down so as to lower his head on him. Despite the presence of a powerful jaw, the bull terrier will never hurt a person, especially a child.
Important! In order for the fighting breed animal to be balanced, it must be raised in a favorable psychological climate. But, don’t tell me, the bull terrier is a temperamental dog. He requires not only attention, but also respect. He has a property that can be distinguished from other dogs - the ability to become invisible.
The bull terrier is a medium-sized dog with short hair, which is easy to miss if he is calm. Usually, he resorts to such a model of behavior if he is upset by something. You can hurt the pride of the dog if you start to pet another four-legged pet with him.
Jealousy is one of its basic character traits. By nature, bull terriers are owners, therefore they cannot stand it at all when their owner pays attention to someone else.
The animal loves to be petted. He likes tactile contact with the owner. During a pastime, he will show tenderness and affection. However, there is something that can cause a bull terrier to lose its head - a meeting with cats.
He hates these animals. The bull terrier has a powerful jaw, thanks to which it can easily bite off a cat's paw. Therefore, we advise you to avoid meeting these four-legged animals during a walk.
Raymond Oppenheimer, who studied the exterior and the training of bull terriers, believes that this breed can be classified into 4 types. Consider them:
- Boule. A classic fighting dog with a powerful skeleton. The exterior is dominated by signs of a terrier.
- Terrier. The dog is slightly weaker than the boule.
- Intermediate type. It is distinguished by endurance and good fighting skills.
- Dalmatian. The dog has a classic white color, does not have a powerful physique.
The best representative of the breed, according to this classification, is a bul. He is the most hardy and strong. There are no other grounds for dividing fighting breeds into types. There is a recognized breed standard. It is known that in one litter, there can be puppies, both strong and weak. The exact set of genes that each of them will inherit cannot be predicted.
For example, a puppy of this breed, which has more genes for the Staffordshire Terrier, will be referred to as a “bull”, and one with a Dalmatian gene will prevail, respectively, as a “Dalmatian”. However, not so long ago a smaller-sized individual was brought out - a miniature bull terrier. It weighs no more than 15 kg.
Care and maintenance
The bull terrier is a strong dog, therefore it is important that the owner regularly maintains its good physical shape. It is advisable to keep the animal in a private house with a large plot of land. The dog needs a large space. He runs, jumps, sniffs the terrain, is observant. To do this, he needs a vast territory.
If you keep a bull terrier in a cramped apartment, without a lot of space, while rarely exposing it to loads, it will become weak. But, if you have always dreamed about this dog, at the same time, you do not have the opportunity to live in a house with a piece of land, walk it as often as possible.
A bull terrier, like a German shepherd, can jump over obstacles, run cross-country with the owner and engage in other types of physical activity. But this is not all that is required to ensure a quality life for him.
Dog care requires special care. Yes, he has a short one, but this does not mean that the dog does not need to be combed out. By the way, bull terriers molt. To rid them of "excess" wool, you need to periodically use the comb. Despite the fact that these dogs have very thick skin, sharp teeth in the comb can hurt them, so it is recommended to choose a silicone tool rather than an iron one.
Dogs, even fighting ones, adore when the owner combes them. They feel pleasure not only from touching the teeth of the comb to them, but also from hanging out with a person. Bull terriers are very affectionate dogs that need regular touch of the owner. You may be very busy, but believe me, even a simple pat on the head will make your four-legged pet much happier.
So that, during molting, the bull terrier does not leave hair everywhere, after combing it is better to wipe it with a damp cloth. By the way, you can select a separate rag for this purpose. But, it will have to be washed periodically.
Shampoo your dog at most 1 time per year. If it is very dirty, it is recommended to wipe it with a damp cloth. Since the bull terrier often molts, he needs to allocate a separate towel.
Important! Puppies bathing is not recommended. The first hygiene procedure of the dog should not occur before it turns 1 year old. Special attention should be paid to the claws of your pet.
Usually, dogs grind them on their own, but if for some reason this does not happen, you need to cut them off. During the home claw sewing procedure, the pads on the dog’s paws can be damaged, so it is recommended to consult a veterinarian to minimize the risk of injury.
Also periodically need to clean the ears of the bull terrier. A classic cotton swab will do. If they get dirty over the entire surface, they are wiped with damp cotton wool. As for brushing your teeth, you can help your dog get rid of plaque with a paste. But, make sure that he does not swallow it. This procedure is resorted to no more than 1-2 times a month.
Advice! If you are afraid to brush your teeth to the bull terrier yourself, you can contact your veterinarian for this. In modern animal clinics, there are excellent conditions for painless plaque removal in dogs.
Another recommendation regarding the home maintenance of the bull terrier is if you start it with other animals in the house, then socialize them together. It is about controlling the dog’s communication with other pets at first. Be present at their acquaintance, adjust the behavior of the dog, if he begins to show aggression.
The opinion that, from the first months of the life of a fighting dog, it must be regularly fed with raw meat, is wrong. Remember, food that smells of blood awakens predatory instincts in it. When this animal smells and tastes raw meat, it becomes aggressive and uncontrollable, the same as its ancient ancestor, the wolf.
This does not mean that the dog should never give meat and bones. On the contrary, these are very useful products that contain the vitamins necessary for him to form a strong skeleton and smooth muscles. However, you can challenge its predatory nature only if you have gained credibility.
Do not forget the bull terrier is a fighting breed. If, during feeding, he shows aggression, for example, growls, this needs to be adjusted. Never let your puppy bark or snarl when he eats. And now more about the products. Initially, the puppy should not be given dry food. Until his body gets stronger, it is better to feed him:
- Vegetable soups.
- Boiled chicken fillet.
- Dairy products, always cottage cheese.
Throwing him food “off the table” is highly discouraged. There is a bull terrier puppy 4 to 7 times a day. As he grows up, the number of meals is reduced to 1-2. You need to train a dog to eat at the same time of day. This will make her more disciplined. Important tip! Do not overfeed the dog, otherwise it will quickly become fat, which will adversely affect its combat and watchdog potential.
Reproduction and longevity
On the first day of the heat of a bull terrier female, it is not recommended to bring it with a male. During this period, she is too aggressive and it is likely that she will not let him in to herself. You need to wait 2-3 days. The knitting should take place on it, and not on its territory. This rule will have to be followed.
It is recommended to breed bull terriers when they become older than 2 years. During pregnancy, you need to watch the dog. She can behave uneasily, and sometimes - excessively aggressively. This is the normal behavior of a pregnant bull terrier. But, try not to leave the dog alone at home, it will bother her. If the bull terrier regularly walks, does not get sick and eats well, then he can live about 13-15 years.
Bull terrier puppies (without documents) are sold at a price of 15-20 thousand rubles. If you decide to purchase a dog from a private breeder, we recommend that you read reviews on the Internet in advance. He will not provide you with a guarantee of health, however, you have the right to require a dog’s passport. In it you will find data on vaccinations that the doctor did to him. A puppy must be vaccinated, especially if he lives on the street.
Puppies taken from nurseries will cost you more (from 25 thousand rubles). Bull terrier price miniature above, from 35 thousand rubles. When you become acquainted with a dog, then be sure to analyze it in 2 ways:
- Exterior. The dog must be well built, strong. A sign of a bad puppy is lethargy.
- Curiosity. A good watchman must be interested in objects that are in his field of vision. The classic trick is to shake the keys in front of it. If the animal does not show interest, then do not buy it.
When you buy a puppy, then try to surround him with care and attention.
The process of raising a bull terrier requires moral and time costs from its owner. It is not necessary to think that to train a fighting dog for all teams is simple. He is prone to be stubborn, so try to be patient.
From the first minutes of communication with the dog, show her that you need to obey. She should not doubt the authority of the owner. Therefore, no stroking and affectionate words in her address should not be. Of course, after you earn the authority of your pet, you can communicate with him more affectionately.
The basic rule of communication with the bull terrier is that it cannot be “humanized”. Never treat a fighting dog as an equal to yourself. She is an animal, not a man. Respect in it the essence of the beast, not trying to endow with the qualities inherent in man.
Why? If you treat the bull terrier as an equal, it will become uncontrollable. Then you will encounter a problem that canine experts call "causeless aggression." The dog will growl and attack people and animals that he will meet on his way.
By “humanizing” you will provoke confusion in his mind. A dog that is treated like a human will try to protect its family members even in the absence of an objective threat. She will have 2 clear images of “her” in her head - people living with her, and “strangers” - everyone who is outside her territory.
This does not mean that you are forbidden to love your pet. But, in relation to him, do not allow "humanization." Do not feed the bull terrier from your table, do not let it jump at you for no reason, and most importantly, do not let it sleep with you.
A bed is an object in the house that is very saturated with your smell. The dog is a pack animal, it clearly understands the hierarchy. When you allow her to climb on her bed, she literally becomes taller than you, because she covers the source of your smell with her body. This makes her think that she takes a leading place in the group, that is, in your family.
When you bring the bull terrier into the house, monitor its behavior and, if necessary, correct it. Any manifestations of aggression should be suppressed, but not physically. The dog must know the word "No!" Say it every time she tries to do something inappropriate, such as climbing onto a bed.
Allocate to her a bowl from which she will eat, and also - show a berth. The bull terrier is a guard dog, so it is advisable that he sleep at the front door.
Teach him to relate without undue suspicion to the people you let into your home. The dog must trust you. Education must be based on trust.
While walking the bull terrier, pull the leash every time he tries to pull you. Remember that in training of a bull terrier, the role of the leader belongs to you, not to him. By the way, never go for a walk at the time of his excitement.
When the animal on which the leash is put on begins to rejoice and pull you towards the door, do not open it until it calms down. As for standard commands, such as lying / sitting / give a paw, it’s easy to teach them a bull terrier. He is pretty smart, so if done well, be sure to encourage him.
Possible diseases and methods for their treatment
Bull terriers have one genetic feature - poor hearing. Some are even born deaf in one ear. Such individuals are usually discarded. However, a bull-deaf bull terrier can be a good companion.
Also, these dogs often suffer from kidney ailments. In this case, they begin to eat poorly, behave detached and often whine. In the presence of these symptoms, the dog should be immediately shown to the veterinarian.
And some more representatives breed bull terrier suffer from glaucoma. In this case, they cannot focus their eyes on any object due to severe pain in the eye area. Bull terriers, the hair of which has a white shade, often suffer from skin ailments.