Types of lizards. Description, features, habitat and names of species of lizards

Lizard - a species of animalbelonging to the reptile squad. From its closest relative, the snake, it is distinguished by the presence of paws, moving eyelids, good hearing and the specificity of molting. But, despite these parameters, these two animals are often confused.

How many species of lizards exists in the world? Today, there are over 5,000. Representatives of some species have the ability to shed their tail. In zoology, this phenomenon is called "autotomy". The animal resorts to him only in emergency cases, especially when he needs to escape from the attacking predator.

Names of species of lizards: Madagascar gecko, moloch, Argentinean tegu, brown anolis, prickly skink, currents, Yemeni chameleon, bearded agama, Bengal monitor lizard, etc. The world of reptiles is diverse. Some living creatures from this detachment man even managed to tame.

Domestic lizards

Yemeni Chameleon

If you think that caring for such a pet is an easy task, we will disappoint you, it is not. Despite the fact that the animal adapts well to "home" conditions, keeping it is not easy. It is very stressed and often sick. The chameleon is important for constant ventilation in the terrarium.

This species of domestic lizards very handsome. In young individuals, the body is painted green-light green. As they grow older, wide stripes appear on it. Chameleon is known for its ability to change color. It is believed that he does this with the goal of disguise. It is wrong. In fact, the color of the beast depends on its mood and status.

In captivity, the female of such a lizard lives no more than 5-6 years, the male is a little longer. In the wild, chameleons sit almost all the time on trees. They quench their thirst with morning dew. And they can drink raindrops. They feed on insects.

Three-horned Chameleon

He is also called the "Jackson Lizard." Keeping such a pet is much easier than a Yemeni chameleon. He is less whimsical to care for. This animal, similar to the previous one, is able to change color, depending on the mood. If it is not under stress, then his body will be light green.

Jackson's lizard has 3 horns, one of which is central, the longest and thickest. The reptile has a very strong tail, allowing it to deftly move through trees in the wild. By the way, she is found in Kenya. The three-horned chameleon feeds not only on insects, but also on snails.

Common tenon

Zoologists nicknamed this reptile because of the presence of spine-shaped processes on its tail. They are only on the outside. The animal lives in Africa and Asia. It is quite large, so keeping it at home is not easy.

The length of the body of the tenon tail is up to 75 cm. Brownish-beige and light gray lizards of this species are found. If a beast is scared, it can attack a person. A stingtail bite at home is a frequent occurrence.

Australian agama

The habitat of this species is the south and east of Australia. Its peculiarity is the love of water. This was the reason for assigning the reptile another name "water agama." The animal prefers to stay near those ponds near which there is vegetation or stones.

It quickly climbs even very tall trees thanks to its tenacious claws and long limbs. But the thin dorsal fin, which passes through its entire body, allows agama to swim in water.

The body weight of the beast is about 800 grams. This species is distinguished by caution. If, being on a tree, the agama sensed danger, then, without hesitation, he would jump into the water. By the way, she can fly for a minute and a half.

Panther chameleon

This type of reptile is Madagascar endemic. This is a very cute and large lizard, distinguished by a colorful shade of scales. At home, the animal can live up to 5 years. The color of individuals is diverse. It depends, first of all, on the part of the island in which they live. There are blue, gray-yellow, red-green, light green and other panther chameleons.

The reptile often sits with its donut wrapped in its long tail. Its main food is insects, such as cockroaches or grasshoppers. So that the animal’s mood does not deteriorate, its owner will have to periodically catch live insects for it.

Fantastic gecko

The best camouflage among reptiles! By the way, he, like the panther chameleon, is found on the island of Madagascar. If you pay attention to this view of a lizard in the photowhere there is foliage, it is hardly possible to discern it. It almost completely merges with the environment, so some call it the "Satanic gecko."

The tail of the individual is flat, resembling a fallen leaf, the body is uneven, and the brown scales are rough. Despite such unusual parameters and properties for a home lizard, it is easy to keep at home. But to make her comfortable, there should be a lot of living plants in the terrarium.

Lizard lizard

If you want to have a small copy of the dragon as a pet, then opt for a lizard-like lizard. In the wild, even predators avoid it. It's all about a large skin fold on the neck, which, in case of danger, is inflated, changing color. To visually appear larger, the reptile stands on its hind legs.

This sight can frighten not only a predator, but even a person. This unusual beast is found on the island of New Guinea. Most often, on a gray-brown or bright red body of an individual there are light or dark spots. In addition to insects, the lizard lizard is very fond of fruits.

Leopard gecko

Fans of exotic animals will surely like a small but very cute gecko, whose yellow-white scales are covered with black spots, like a leopard. The abdomen of an individual is painted white. In biology, this type of animal is called "eublefar." Keep it simple, most importantly, create favorable conditions.

The animal lives in the desert and rocky zones of Iran, India and Afghanistan. The leopard gecko does not tolerate low temperatures, therefore, in the wild, when winter comes, it becomes numb. This phenomenon has a scientific name - the pituitary gland.

How does he survive this? Everything is simple. Maintaining the vitality of the lizard helps the supply of fat. The body of a young leopard gecko can reach 25 cm in length. He has a fairly wide tail.

Ciliary gecko bananoe

The animal lives on some Australian islands. It cannot boast of a long body or perfect camouflage ability. But this one rare species of lizards stands out for its "cilia". No, they are not like humans or some mammals. Gecko eyelashes are small skin processes above the orbits. By the way, they are also available along the entire length of the back of the reptile.

These animals cannot be classified as friendly. If you take it in your hands, it may bite you, but not much. So the lizard tries to protect itself from danger. In addition to banana, she is very fond of other fruits, for example, mango or nectarine.

Green iguana

One of the most beautiful species of lizards. It is large, massive and very agile. Green iguana lives in South and North America. Some individuals have small horns on their heads. In the wild, these animals settle near water bodies, next to dense thickets.

In the afternoon they sit, mainly on trees. If the iguana feels the approach of a predator, then it can hide from it by diving into the water. The mass of the lizard is from 6 to 9 kg. The male of this species has a wide crest on its back. Its presence indicates that it has reached puberty.

At home, keeping a green iguana is not easy. She will feel comfortable only in a very large terrarium. If you place two individuals in one small container, then a fight can begin between them.

Fire skink

This lizard is very similar to a snake. She has the same wide body and almost the same shape of the head. Because of the short legs, one might think that the skink does not walk on the ground, but crawls like an adder. An individual can grow up to 35 cm.

This species lives in Africa. He is pretty enough. On the body of the fire skink there are white, brown, red, orange and yellow scales that perfectly harmonize with each other. The lizard stands out for its motley color.

She loves to delve into the ground, sorting out driftwood and tree leaves. Therefore, if you want to care for such a pet, make sure that there is a lot of soil and branches in its terrarium.

Blue-language Skink

Another snake-like species of lizard. Caring for him is easy and enjoyable. To start blue-language skinks is recommended for beginners who have not yet kept reptiles at home. There are two reasons. Firstly, the individual is not at all aggressive, and secondly, she has a very interesting appearance.

Blue-language skink is an Australian reptile, which nature has awarded with a long tongue of light blue color. His scales are very smooth, like fish. This is a large animal (up to 50 cm).

When you bring the animal home and put it in the terrarium, do not rush to take it in your hands. This can only be done after he has eaten, not earlier, otherwise his acclimatization may be violated. As the frequency of tactile contact with the host increases, the lizard will begin to get used to it.

Black and white tag

Daegu is found in South America. The animal is impressive in size. Under favorable conditions, it can grow up to 1.3 meters. This lizard is considered a daytime predator. If you decide to contain a black and white tag at home, then be prepared for the fact that you have to feed it with live rodents, for example, mice.

This is a bloodthirsty animal, slowly killing its victim. In addition to small animals, the lizard feeds on insects. The tag has a long, thin tongue of a pale pink hue, large eyes and short limbs.

Axolotl (water dragon)

Without a doubt, this is one of the most amazing living creatures in the world. It is found in Mexican ponds. A water dragon is a salamander that has an amazing ability to regenerate not only limbs, but also gills. The color of such lizards is diverse. There are pink, purple, gray and others in color.

Axolotl is very similar to fish. This species has quite sharp teeth, allowing it to hold prey tenaciously. He eats not only live fish, but also mussels, meat and worms. It is quite complicated in content. Water dragon does not tolerate high temperatures. He swims only in cold water, below 22 degrees Celsius.

Wild lizards

Sneaky lizard

This species of reptiles is one of the most common on the European continent. A distinctive feature of the view is clearly visible stripes on the back. Species of fast lizard known for being able to cast tail. An animal resorts to this action only if something threatens its life. A complete tail restoration will take at least 2 weeks.

Green, gray and brown representatives of this species are found in nature. You can distinguish a female from a male by a dull color. The second, on the contrary, is very bright. This small reptile is incredibly quick and agile, hence its name. A female of this species of lizard can eat its offspring.

Proboscis anolis

This is a rather rare reptile species, which is very similar to a small toy crocodile. Anolis has a long nose, in shape resembling an elephant trunk. It is found in Ecuadorian forests.

This is a small lizard, it can be brown-green or light green. On its body may be multi-colored spots. The trunk anolis is a nocturnal animal that is slow. It perfectly disguises itself in the environment.

Worm-shaped lizard

This is an unusual animal that can be found in Mexico or in the south of Asia. The appearance of a lizard may suggest that in front of you is not a reptile, but an earthworm. On the body of such a creature there are no limbs, therefore it crawls on the ground, like a snake. But he has eyes, but they are hidden under the skin.

Komodo lizard

This species of lizards is the largest. A monitor lizard can gain weight up to 60 kg and grow up to 2.5 meters. They are found in Indonesia. These huge reptiles feed:

  • Invertebrates;
  • Feathered;
  • Rodents;
  • Medium-sized mammals.

Cases of a Komodo lizard attack on people were recorded. This species is known for its toxicity. It is proved that the bite of this lizard can provoke muscle paralysis, increased pressure and even loss of consciousness.

Wood agama

A medium-sized lizard that loves climbing trees. In this lesson, sharp claws and tenacious paws help her. In the mating season, the male’s head of this reptile species is covered with blue or blue small scales. The body of the individual is gray or olive, and the tail is yellow-gray.

A thin dark strip is clearly visible on the neck of the lizard. It is worth noting that the tree agama loves not only trees, but also shrubs. It is found in South Africa.

Gecko currents

This is a medium-sized lizard, up to 30 cm. Despite the lack of impressive dimensions, it has a very strong body, covered with gray or blue scales. Each gecko currents spotted.

These reptiles have a biological phenomenon such as sexual dimorphism. This means that the male and the female are very different from each other in terms of color saturation. In the former, it is more colorful.

In the diet of a gecko, currents are not only insects, but also small vertebrate animals. The strong jaws of the animal allow it to smoothly squeeze the body of its victim.

Bengal monitor lizard

Such a monitor lizard is much smaller than the Comorian, up to 1.5 meters long. The physique of the animal is massive and slender. Color - gray-olive. In some individuals of this species, light spots are visible on the body. They are common in Indonesia, India, Pakistan and other countries.

A Bengal monitor is known for holding its breath under water for more than 15 minutes. This animal loves to climb trees at any time of the day. Wooden hollows are often used by him as a refuge. The main food of the Bengal monitor is insects. But he can also feast on arthropods, snakes or rodents.

Agama Mwanza

One of the most unusual lizards in color. Part of the body of this agama is covered with blue scales, and the second part is orange or pink. This animal has a very long tail. It also stands out with a thin, slender body.

Agama Mwanza is a flocking lizard. Only the leader of the group has the right to inseminate the female. If a male member of the flock considers himself stronger than a leader, he can challenge him. Before mating with the female, the leader of the flock breaks into the ground small recesses designed to store eggs that the female will lay.


This is an Australian reptile that is found in deserts. Moloch is a good disguise. Its brown or sandy body is almost imperceptible in the dry Australian climate. Depending on the weather, it can change color. Ant - the main food of this species of lizard.

Ring Tailed Iguana

The tail of this lizard is very long. It is covered with light scales, however, dark stripes located in width are visible along its entire length. In nature, brown, gray and green ring-tailed iguanas are found.

On the face of the animal there are fairly thick scales resembling horns. Because of them, the reptile was nicknamed the "rhino." It is found in the Caribbean.The animal loves to climb rocks and eat a cactus.

Marine iguana

And this species of reptiles lives on the Galapagos. From the name of the animal it is clear that it spends time, mainly, swimming in the sea. To bask in the sun, an iguana comes out of the water and climbs onto a coastal stone. It dries quickly thanks to the dark color of the scales. This large lizard is a herbivore. She eats seaweed.

Interestingly, young marine iguanas, due to a lack of swimming experience, are afraid to go to the depths, therefore, they prefer to stay in the water closer to the shore. A prolonged stay at sea allowed this type of iguana to develop not only swimming ability, but also respiratory ability. She may not come ashore for about 60 minutes.

Arizona Venom Tooth

This is a poisonous reptile that lives in the mountainous and desert areas of the United States and Mexico. The massive body of the lizard has the shape of a cylinder. Males of this species are larger than females.

The tail of the Arizona pufferfish is striped. On it stripes of orange and brown alternate. Despite the variegated color, it is quite difficult to notice an animal in the sand or rock. It is well camouflaged in such a territory.

Well-developed hearing and sense of smell help to be an excellent desert hunter. He manages to survive in hot desert conditions due to the ability to accumulate moisture and fat. This reptile hunts on birds, rodents and other lizards.

Lobate-tailed gecko

It lives in India, Singapore and some other Asian countries. Such a lizard has skin growths of various lengths and shapes throughout the body. This makes it asymmetric.

The lobate-tailed gecko is well camouflaged. It is difficult to notice it on a stone or tree. This is a nocturnal predator that preys on worms and crickets. It rarely becomes the prey of large mammals due to its superior camouflage.

Skink spindle-shaped

This small lizard can be confused with fish or viper. On her thin spindle-shaped body are tiny paws. The tail of the animal is long, occupying 50% of its body.

Since the skink is a thermophilic lizard, it can be found in the hot climate of Africa. On the Eurasian continent, this species is less common. Spindle-shaped skink is a prolific reptile, so its population is regularly increasing.

Monkey-Tailed Skink

This is an amazing reptile, one of a kind. How does she stand out? The ability to quickly move around a tree using only the tail. Yes, in the world of lizards there is a species that, by analogy with a monkey, agilely moves from one branch to another, holding on to its tail. By the way, this part of the body of this skink is very strong.

This is a large lizard, up to 85 cm. The color of its scales changes throughout life. The back of the individual is slightly darker than her belly. The bite of a monkey-tailed skink is very painful. This is explained by sharp teeth on his powerful jaw.

In the afternoon, the animal is inactive. At this time of day it is in a wooden crown. Sharp claws help him move well in it. This lizard does not eat biological food, as it prefers the fruits and shoots of plants.

Watch the video: The Phylogenetic Tree of Anole Lizards HHMI BioInteractive Video (February 2020).

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