The flying lizard (Draco volans) belongs to the family of agamous lizards, a squamous order. The species name Draco volans translates as "ordinary flying dragon."
The spread of a flying lizard.
Flying lizard is found in tropical rainforests in southern India and southeast Asia. This species extends to the Philippine Islands, including Borneo.Common Flying Dragon, Flying Lizard (Draco volans)
Habitat of a flying lizard.
The flying lizard is found mainly in the tropics with a sufficient number of trees necessary for the reptile to live.
External signs of a flying lizard.
The flying lizard has large “wings” - leathery outgrowths on the sides of the body. These formations are supported by elongated ribs. They also have a flap called the underbody, which is located under the head. The body of the flying lizard is very flat and elongated. The male is about 19.5 cm long and the female is 21.2 cm. The tail is about 11.4 cm long for the male and 13.2 cm for the female.Ordinary flying dragon, flying lizard - representative of agamas.
From other Dracos stands out rectangular brown spots located on the upper part of the wing membranes, and black spots below. Males have bright yellow undercoats. The wings are bluish on the ventral side and brown on the dorsal side. The female has a few undercoats and a bluish-gray hue. In addition, the ventral side has yellow wings.
Reproduction of a flying lizard.
The breeding season of flying lizards is presumably in December - January. The males, and sometimes females, display mating behavior. They spread their wings and tremble with their whole body when they collide with each other. The male also spreads its wings completely and, in this state, bypasses the female three times, inviting them to mate. The female builds a nest for eggs, forming a small hole in the head. There are five eggs in the clutch, she fills them with earth, ramming the soil with pops of the head.
For almost a day, the female actively guards the eggs. Then she leaves the masonry. Development lasts about 32 days. Small flying lizards can fly right away.
The behavior of a flying lizard.
Flying lizards hunt in the afternoon. They are active in the morning and afternoon. At night, flying lizards relax. Such a life cycle avoids the daytime period with the highest light intensity. Flying lizards do not fly in the full sense of the word.
They climb trees and jump. During jumps, lizards spread their wings and plan to the ground, covering a distance of about 8 meters.
Before flying, the lizards turn their heads down towards the ground, gliding through the air helps the lizards move. Lizards do not fly in rainy and windy periods.
To avoid danger, lizards spread their wings and plan down. Adults are extremely mobile, they are very difficult to catch. When a male meets other types of lizards, it displays several behavioral reactions. They partially open the wings, vibrate with the body, 4) fully open the wings. Thus, the males try to scare the enemy, showing increased body shapes. And the female is attracted by beautiful, spread wings. Males are territorial individuals and actively protect their site from invasion, which usually grow two or three trees, and live from one to three females. Female lizards are clear pretenders to mating relationships. Males protect their territory from other males who do not have their own territory and compete for females.
Why can lizards fly?
Flying lizards have adapted to living in trees. The color of the skin of flying dragons of monochromatic green, gray - green, gray-brown color merges with the color of the bark and leaves.Skeleton Draco volans
This allows them to remain invisible if the lizards are sitting on branches. And the bright "wings" make it possible to soar freely in the air, crossing the space at a distance of up to sixty meters. Spread "wings" are painted in green, yellow, purple shades, decorated with spots, specks and stripes. The lizard flies not like a bird, but rather plans like a glider or parachute. For flying, these lizards have six enlarged lateral ribs, the so-called false ribs, which, when extended, extend a leathery “wing”. In addition, males have a noticeable skin fold of bright orange in the throat. In any case, they try to demonstrate this distinctive sign to the enemy, sticking it forward.
Flying dragons practically do not drink; they compensate for the lack of liquid from food. They easily determine the approximation of prey by ear. For disguise, flying lizards fold their wings as they sit in trees.
The color of the integument merges with the background of the medium. They plan flying reptiles very quickly, not only down, but also up and in the horizontal plane. At the same time, they change the direction of movement, avoiding obstacles that arise on the way.
Eating a flying lizard.
Flying lizards are insectivorous reptiles, feed mainly on small ants and termites. Lizards are sitting near a tree waiting for the appearance of insects. When the ant or termite is close enough, the lizard deftly eats it without moving its own body.
The conservation status of the flying lizard.
The flying lizard is a fairly common reptile species and is not listed as a threatened species.